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Visual Structures of Disinformation in Poland

Visual structures of disinformation in Poland (1)

The study analyzed 342 disinformation messages (fake news) from January 2020 – December 2022, the element of which was a static visual message that did not have the character of a video. The survey covered three areas:

1. the form of the message (how?),

2. the content of the message (what?),

3. the function of the message in relation to the text and in relation to the recipient (for what purpose?).

Read the study here.

Author: Karina Stasiuk-Krajewska, Uniwersytet SWP

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